It's used to treat and prevent malaria infection, and to reduce symptoms and progression of autoimmune diseases such as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, and others. Malaria is spread by mosquitoes, which transmit the parasites that cause the infection, usually in tropical and subtropical parts of the world. Hydroxychloroquine anesthesia Chloroquine for ra Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil is used to treat malaria, lupus and rheumatoid arthritis. It is a known retinal toxin, and the effects are irreversible. Fortunately, most patients taking this drug do not experience side effects at the dosages usually prescribed. Steroid myopathy is often characterized by muscular atrophy, which is believed to be due to suppressed protein synthesis and growth, enhanced proteolysis, and apoptosis induction. Perhaps a better understanding of these mechanisms can lead to alleviation of this side effect from a life-altering, often life-saving medication. Irreversible retinal damage observed in some patients who had received hydroxychloroquine sulfate; significant risk factors for retinal damage include daily doses of hydroxychloroquine sulfate greater than 6.5 mg/kg 5 mg/kg base of actual body weight, durations of use greater than five years, subnormal glomerular filtration. For example, it may be combined with an antibiotic to treat chronic Q-fever, which humans usually catch from farm animals or raw milk. Plaquenil is used to treat other types of infections too. Plaquenil side effect reversible or irreversible Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil Toxicity and., Drug-related Myopathies of Which the Clinician Should Be Aware Who should not take plaquenil Hydroxychloroquine is a well tolerated medication for various rheumatologic and dermatologic conditions. Its main side effects are gastrointestinal upset, skin rash, headache, and ocular toxicity. Hydroxychloroquine toxicity - EyeWiki. Plaquenil hydroxychloroquine sulfate dosing, indications.. Protecting your eyesight when taking Plaquenil Lupus.. Our Aralen chloroquine phosphate Side Effects Drug Center provides a comprehensive view of available drug information on the potential side effects when taking this medication. This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. Feb 19, 2020 Common side effects may include headache, dizziness, ringing in your ears; nausea, vomiting, stomach pain; loss of appetite, weight loss; mood changes, feeling nervous or irritable; skin rash or itching; or. hair loss. Erectile dysfunction drugs cause a range of side effects that are common, dosage-dependent and, thus far, fully reversible. They include changes in color and light perception, blurred vision, conjunctival hyperemia, ocular pain and photophobia.